NFTs In Games

Non-fungible tokens (NFTs) are rapidly gaining popularity as a means of integrating Solana into games. These unique digital assets are stored on the Solana blockchain and come with a JSON metadata attached to them. The metadata allows developers to store important attributes and information about the NFT, such as its rarity or specific in-game capabilities. NFTs can be used in games to represent anything from weapons and armor to digital real estate and collectibles, providing a new level of ownership and scarcity for players.

Token gating with NFTs

Using NFTs, you can gate access to a particular part of a game based on owning the NFT. This can form a more tight-knit community within your game. In jsopen in new window using the Metaplex sdkopen in new window this would look like this:

  // For example '.config/solana/devnet.json'
let keyPair = Keypair.fromSecretKey(decodedKey);

const metaplex = Metaplex.make(connection).use(keypairIdentity(keyPair));

const nfts = await metaplex
  .findAllByOwner({ owner: wallet.publicKey })

let collectionNfts = []
for (let i = 0; i < nfts.length; i++) {
  if (nfts[i].collection?.address.toString() == collectionAddress.toString()) {

Bonus Effects with NFTs

In addition to providing new revenue streams, NFTs can also be used to provide in-game benefits and bonuses to players. For instance, a player who owns a "coin doubler" NFT may receive double the amount of coins for as long as they hold the NFT in their wallet. Additionally, NFTs can be used as consumables, allowing players to use them to gain temporary effects such as potions or spells. Once consumed, the NFT is burned, and the effect is applied to the player's character. These innovative features of NFTs provide game developers with new opportunities to create unique gameplay experiences and reward players for their ownership of valuable assets on the Solana blockchain.

How to interact with tokens


Using NFT Metadata for Player Stats

NFTs also have Metadata, which can be used for all kind of traits for game objects. For example an NFT could represent a game character and his traits Strength/Intelligence/Agility could directly influence how strong the character is in the game. You can load NFT metadata and their attributes using the Metaplex SDK:

import { Metaplex, keypairIdentity } from "@metaplex-foundation/js";

  // For example '.config/solana/devnet.json'
let keyPair = Keypair.fromSecretKey(decodedKey);

const metaplex = Metaplex.make(connection).use(keypairIdentity(keyPair));
const nfts = await metaplex.nfts().findAllByOwner({owner: keyPair.publicKey});

const physicalDamage = 5;
const magicalDamage = 5;

nfts.forEach(async nft => {
  const metaData = await metaplex.nfts().load({metadata: nft});

    metaData.json.attributes.forEach(async attribute => {
      if (attribute.trait_type == "Strength") {
        physicalDamage += parseInt(attribute.value)
      if (attribute.trait_type == "Int") {
        magicalDamage += parseInt(attribute.value)

console.log("Player Physical Damage: " + physicalDamage)
console.log("Player Magical Damage: " + magicalDamage)

Fusing NFTs Together

The Metaplex Fusion Trifle programopen in new window allows you to have NFTs own other NFTs. For example you could create a plant plot NFT and then use to combine it with a water NFT and a seed NFT to create a Tomato NFT.

Use 3D Nfts in a game

Every NFT metadata can also have a animation url. This url can contain a video, gif or a 3d file. These 3d files usually use the format .glb or .gltf and can dynamically be loaded into a game. For unity you can use the GLTFastopen in new window package and in js the GLTFast JSopen in new window. For reference a NFT metadata with glb modelopen in new window

  var gltf = gameObject.AddComponent<GLTFast.GltfAsset>();
  gltf.url = nft.metadata.animationUrl;
npm install --save-dev gltf-loader-ts

import { GltfLoader } from 'gltf-loader-ts';

let loader = new GltfLoader();
let uri = '';
let asset: Asset = await loader.load(uri);
let gltf: GlTf = asset.gltf;
// -> {asset: {…}, scene: 0, scenes: Array(1), nodes: Array(2), meshes: Array(1), …}

let data = await asset.accessorData(0); // fetches BoxTextured0.bin
let image: Image = await asset.imageData.get(0) // fetches CesiumLogoFlat.png

Customize NFTs with items and traits (Raindrops boots)

With the Raindrops Boots programopen in new window you can have an adventure character which owns a sword and a helmet. When the Character NFT would be sold on a market place the other NFTs it owns would be sold as well.

How to create an NFT collection

NFTs on Solana mostly follow the Metaplex standard. Metaplex is a company which takes care of the NFT most used standard on Solana. The most common way to create an NFT collection is to create a metaplex candy machine which lets the user mint predefined pairs of metadata and images.

Metaplex Docsopen in new window

Setup a candy machine step by stepopen in new window


Last Updated:
Contributors: Jonas Hahn